Polish puppet theatre company. Błękitny Pajac (Blue Clown) was founded in 1938 in Poznan (Poznań) by members of the first Polish association of puppeteers, the Wielkopolska Rodzina Marionetkarzy (The Community of Puppeteers of the Region Great Poland), under the direction of Stefan Polonyj-Poloński (artistic director) and Jan Sztaudynger (literary consultant). Other members of the company included Julian Sójka, a glove puppet artist, Tadeusz Czapliński, who performed with mechanical rod puppets, and Stanisław Płonka-Fiszer, stage director.

Twelve plays were produced for children during the first season, presented daily and, occasionally, several times a day. The principal puppet characters were Kubuś Wszędobylski (Jack Gad-About) and Grześ Fujara (Greg Saphead). These two appeared in every play.

The notable feature of Błękitny Pajac was its combination of various puppetry techniques in one production, mixing glove, rod, and string puppets.

The outbreak of World War II interrupted the activity of the company.

(See Poland.)


  • Chojnacki, L. “Wokół Błękitnego Pajaca. Lalkarze poznańscy, 1919-1939” [In and Around the Błękitny Pajac. The Poznań Puppeteers, 1919-1939]. Pamiętnik Teatralny. Nos. 1-2. Warszawa, 1987.