Portuguese puppet company. Marionetas de Lisboa was created in Lisbon in 1985 by a group of actors, playwrights and visual artists with the goal of researching the phenomena of puppetry arts. Company members have included José Carlos Barros, artistic director from 1985 to 1990 (currently director of the Criadores de Imagens Company), Ildeberto Gama, Norberto Vilar, and Alberto Vilar, among others. The company’s first production was D. Quixote e Sancho Pança (Don Quixote and Sancho Panza) by António José da Silva.

In 1986, the company received the Portuguese Association of Theatre Critics Prize for the novelty and quality of their work. Their production of the dramatic allegory, Auto da Barca do Inferno (The Hell Boat Drama), by Gil Vicente (c.1517), received a nomination for the Garrett Prize for best show for young people. The company has produced Portuguese and foreign authors and composers, such as the works of Javier Villafañe, Alfred Jarry, and Mozart whose opera Cosi Fan Tutte was staged for the Porto 2001 – European Capital of Culture event.

The company has a space with a small auditorium, La Casa das Marionetas (The Puppet House), where it develops training workshops. It has also participated in several national and international festivals.

Under José Ramalho, artistic director (since 1990), the principal objective of the company is to link the procedures for the restoration of traditional puppetry arts to the research into new aesthetic forms, while staying faithful to its founding principles: to contribute to aesthetic and artistic renovation and to be a touring repertory company.

(See Portugal.)


  • Painha, Vanda C. “A Vida das Marionetas” [The Life of Puppets]. Diário de Notícias. 1 August 2005.
  • Quedas, Pedro. “Marionetas de Lisboa celebram 20 anos mas temem pelo futuro” [Marionetas de Lisboa Celebrates 20 Years But Fear for their Future]. Público. 1 August 2005.
  • Reis, Margarida Gil dos. “Almas de arame em corpo de cortiça” [Souls of Wire in a Cork Body]. Jornal do TNDMII. No. 5, 2006.
  • Silva, António José da. D. Quixote e Sancho Pança: Marionetas de Lisboa [Don Quixote and Sancho Panza: Lisbon Puppets]. Adaptation by Norberto Ávila. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Serviço de Animação, Criação e Educação pela Arte, 1985.[S]
  • 5º Festival Internacional de marionetas do Porto: 6 a 16 de Maio de 1993 [The 5th International Festival of Porto Puppets: from May 6 to 16, 1993]. Porto: [n.p.], 1993.
  • 7º Bienal Internacional de Marionetas de Évora de 22 a 31 de Maio 87 [The 7th International Biennale of Évora Puppets from May 22 to 31, 1987]. Évora: [n.p.], 1987.