Czech itinerant puppeteer, a legendary figure of Czech puppet theatre. The son of a showman, Matěj Kopecký travelled all his life across the Bohemian countryside where he had the unique opportunity to know the puppeteers of the period, learning the craft from them. He obtained his first puppet theatre licence in 1797, but was soon drafted into the Austrian army to fight in the Napoleonic Wars. When he was discharged, he tried to make a living as a shopkeeper, a road mender, and a night watchman. In 1818, he returned to puppetry and devoted himself to the profession until his death.

His puppet theatre activities coincided with the peak development of the Czech national revival. He followed the baroque trends still in existence at that time, adapting them to his own style. He had a large audience following who, without much knowledge of the theatre, was able to understand the ideas of the Enlightenment and the patriotic allusions. He became even more popular after his death due to the publication, in 1862, of his repertoire (repertory) collected by his son Václav and of the drawings of the Czech painter Mikoláš Aleš, who made his fictional portrait.

His name is associated with many legends. Based on historical research, we can now evaluate Matěj Kopecký as a symbol of the Czech puppet theatre and as a representative figure of that period of national revival. His sons would continue his puppet theatre activities and his granddaughter, Arnoštka Kopecká (1842-1914), was an important Czech puppet theatre personality at the turn of the 20th century. His direct descendants, the actor and director Matěj Kopecký (1923-2001) and his son Matěj (1953), are among the important representatives of contemporary Czech puppet theatre.

(See Czech Republic, Itinerant Troupes, Travelling Puppeteers.)


  • Dvořák, Jan V. Matěj, Máťa, Matýsek aneb Šestá generace rodu Kopeckých [Matěj, Máťa, Matýsek, Or the Sixth Generation of the Kopecký Family]. Hradec Králové: Garamon, 2005.
  • Malík, Jan. Matěj Kopecký. Legenda a skutečnost [Matěj Kopecký. Legend and Reality]. Praha: SPN, 1969.
  • Toman, Jan. Matěj Kopecký a jeho rod [Matěj Kopecký and His Family]. České Budějovice: Krajské nakladatelství, 1960.